Download E-books America 1844: Religious Fervor, Westward Expansion, and the Presidential Election That Transformed the Nation PDF

By John Bicknell

The presidential election of 1844 was once one of many or 3 so much momentous elections in American background. Had Henry Clay received rather than James ok. Polk, we’d be dwelling in a really diversified state this day. Polk’s victory cemented the westward growth that introduced Texas, California, and Oregon into the union. It additionally happened amid spiritual turmoil that incorporated anti-Mormon and anti-Catholic violence, and the “Great Disappointment,” during which hundreds of thousands of fans of an vague preacher named William Miller believed Christ might go back to earth in October 1844.

            writer and journalist John Bicknell info much more compelling, interwoven occasions that happened in this momentous yr: the homicide of Joseph Smith, the non secular fermentation of the second one nice Awakening, John C. Frémont’s exploration of the West, Charles Goodyear’s patenting of vulcanized rubber, the near-death of President John Tyler in a freak naval explosion, and lots more and plenty extra. All of those components illustrate the competing visions of the yank future—Democrats as opposed to Whigs, Mormons as opposed to Millerites, nativists as opposed to Catholics, those that risked the enterprise westward as opposed to those that stayed effectively behind—and how Polk’s election cemented the imaginative and prescient of a continental nation.

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Eco-friendly with regards to the annexation of Texas, to be present in the records of this division. ” simply so, due to the fact that eco-friendly were performing as an agent of the president, no longer the kingdom division, and had communicated privately with Tyler, Calhoun, and Upshur, now not throughout the auspices of the dept. Benton and the Senate bought no pride on their request for Duff Green’s visual appeal or his letters. They did a bit higher on getting a rationalization from the management approximately army job. Benton desired to be aware of if because the graduation of the negotiations which led to the treaty now ahead of the Senate for the annexation of Texas to the us, any army instruction has been made or ordered by means of the President for or in anticipation of warfare; and, if that is so, for what reason and with whom was once such warfare apprehended, and what are the arrangements which have been made or ordered? Has any circulation, or assemblage, or disposition of any of the army or naval forces of the U.S. been made or ordered with the intention to such hostilities? certain, got here the reaction. consequently of the statement of Mexico communicated to this executive … asserting the decision of Mexico to treat as a announcement of warfare opposed to her by means of the U.S. the definitive ratification of any treaty with Texas annexing the territory of that Republic to the USA, and the wish and trust entertained via the administrative that the treaty with Texas for that function will be quickly authorized and ratified by means of the Senate, it used to be seemed through the administrative to became emphatically its accountability to pay attention within the Gulf of Mexico and its neighborhood, as a precautionary degree, as huge a section of the house squadron … as may possibly good be drawn jointly; and whilst to gather at citadel Jesup, at the borders of Texas, as huge an army strength because the calls for of the provider at different encampments could authorize to be indifferent. Sam Houston were insistent at the element, writing to his negotiators in Washington that “if negotiation fails, our dossier is exposed, the enemy may well cost via our ranks, and we haven't any reserve to march as much as our rescue. ” the choice to protect Texas within the occasion of a Mexican assault had splintered Tyler’s cupboard. The flow was once subsidized by way of Secretary of conflict William Wilkins, a Pennsylvania Democrat, who needed to perform the orders. yet Treasury Secretary John C. Spencer, a brand new York Whig who needed to write the money to pay for the operation, balked. whilst Tyler ordered Spencer to deposit $200,000 with an unnamed agent in big apple urban to fund the strength being despatched to the Gulf of Mexico, Spencer made up our minds to surrender instead of comply. To deposit the sort of sum with no congressional approval, he argued, will be unconstitutional. Spencer’s resignation salved his sense of right and wrong, however it additionally prepared the ground for the money to be made and the strength to be deployed. Armed with documentation confirming the deployment, Benton begun a speech, which persevered over 3 days, a journey de strength during which he puzzled the Tyler administration’s reasons, equipment, and regulations.

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